To further characterize the receptor mediating histamine-induced impairment of atrioventricular conduction, the effects of two selective histamine H1-receptor agonists, 2-(2-pyridyl)-ethylamine (PEA) and 2-(2-thiazolyl)-ethylamine (ThEA), were investigated using the isolated guinea pig heart. These effects were compared with those of histamine and other selective agonists. PEA and ThEA produced a weak stimulation of cardiac rate and contractility; however, they produced a marked prolongation of atrioventricular conduction. The orders of relative potencies observed substantiate the hypothesis that H2-receptors mediate the positive inotropic and chronotropic effects and H1-receptors mediate the negative dromotropic effect of histamine.
- Atrioventricular conduction
- Cardiac histamine receptors
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience