Heart rate, blood pressure and lever lifting were studied during differential classical conditioning. The unconditioned stimulus was electrical stimulation of the septal region or the hypothalamus through chronically implanted electrodes; the conditioned stimuli were 2 tones differing in frequency. Beta adrenergic blockade by propranolol did not affect cardiovascular unconditioned responses (URs, bradycardia and pressor response), conditioned responses (CRs, bradycardia), or lever lift responses, whereas cholinergic blockade by atropine methylnitrate abolished heart rate responses but not lever lift responses. This indicates that heart rate responses were mediated by increases in vagal tone. Alpha adrenergic blockade by phentolamine abolished bradycardia and pressor URs, but not bradycardia CRs. This suggests that separate central mechanisms mediated bradycardia URs and CRs. Removal of the lever diminished without eliminating bradycardia CRs, indicating partial independence between lever lift and cardiac CRs.
|Title of host publication||Journal of Comparative and Physiological Psychology|
|Number of pages||10|
|State||Published - Dec 1 1974|
ASJC Scopus subject areas