Secondary open-angle glaucoma and serous macular detachment associated with pulmonary hypertension

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Abstract

Purpose: We describe a patient with secondary open-angle glaucoma and serous macular detachment associated with pulmonary hypertension. Observations: A 59 year-old male with pulmonary hypertension presented with vision loss and was noted to have bilateral engorged epibulbar vessels, blood in Schlemm's canal, elevated intraocular pressure, retinal venous tortuosity and serous retinal detachments. Enhanced depth optical coherence tomography (ED-OCT) showed bilateral serous macular detachments with marked choroidal thickening. Fluorescein angiography and indocyanine green angiography revealed choroidal vascular congestion and engorgement. Improvement of subretinal fluid was achieved with systemic control of his venous hypertension, and the intraocular pressure responded to medical anti-glaucoma therapy. Conclusions: Pulmonary hypertension may be associated with secondary open-angle glaucoma, choroidal engorgement and serous macular detachment, and should be considered in the differential diagnosis of elevated episcleral venous pressure. Management of ocular complications is challenging and requires a multi-disciplinary approach.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number100878
JournalAmerican Journal of Ophthalmology Case Reports
Volume20
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 2020

Keywords

  • Episcleral venous pressure
  • Pulmonary hypertension
  • Secondary open angle glaucoma

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ophthalmology

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