Seasonal changes in POC export flux in the Chukchi Sea and implications for water column-benthic coupling in Arctic shelves

S. B. Moran, R. P. Kelly, K. Hagstrom, J. N. Smith, J. M. Grebmeier, L. W. Cooper, G. F. Cota, J. J. Walsh, N. R. Bates, Dennis A Hansell, W. Maslowski, R. P. Nelson, S. Mulsow

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Abstract

As part of the 2002 Shelf-Basin Interactions (SBI) process study, measurements of the seasonal variation in the export flux of particulate organic carbon (POC) are reported for the upper waters of the Chukchi Sea. POC fluxes were quantified by determination of 234Th/238U disequilibrium and POC/234Th ratios in large (>53μm) aggregates collected using in situ pumps. Samples were collected at 35 stations on two cruises, one in predominantly ice-coved conditions during the spring (May 6-June 15) and the other in predominantly open water during the summer (July 17-August 26). Enhanced particle export was observed in the shelf and slope waters, particularly within Barrow Canyon, and there was a marked increase in particle export at all stations during the summer (July-August) relative to the spring (May-June). 234Th-derived POC fluxes exhibit significant seasonal and spatial variability, averaging 2.9±5.3mmolCm-2d-1 (range=0.031-22mmolCm-2d-1) in the spring and increasing ∼4-fold in the summer to an average value of 10.5±9.3mmolCm -2d-1 (range=0.79-39mmolCm-2d-1). The fraction of primary production exported from the upper waters increases from ∼15% in the spring to ∼32% in the summer. By comparison, DOC accumulation associated with net community production represented ∼6% of primary production (∼2mmolCm-2d-1). The majority of shelf and slope stations indicate a close agreement between POC export and benthic C respiration in the spring, whereas there is an imbalance between POC export and benthic respiration in the summer. The implication is that up to ∼20% of summer production (∼6±7mmolCm-2d-1) may be seasonally exported off-shelf in this productive shelf/slope region of the Arctic Ocean.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)3427-3451
Number of pages25
JournalDeep-Sea Research Part II: Topical Studies in Oceanography
Volume52
Issue number24-26
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 2005

Fingerprint

Chukchi Sea
particulate organic carbon
Arctic region
water column
summer
water
carbon flux
primary production
primary productivity
respiration
canyons
barrows
open water
disequilibrium
pumps
canyon
sea
pump
ice
seasonal variation

Keywords

  • Arctic
  • Carbon
  • Particulate
  • Scavenging
  • Shelf
  • Thorium-234

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Aquatic Science
  • Geology
  • Oceanography

Cite this

Seasonal changes in POC export flux in the Chukchi Sea and implications for water column-benthic coupling in Arctic shelves. / Moran, S. B.; Kelly, R. P.; Hagstrom, K.; Smith, J. N.; Grebmeier, J. M.; Cooper, L. W.; Cota, G. F.; Walsh, J. J.; Bates, N. R.; Hansell, Dennis A; Maslowski, W.; Nelson, R. P.; Mulsow, S.

In: Deep-Sea Research Part II: Topical Studies in Oceanography, Vol. 52, No. 24-26, 12.2005, p. 3427-3451.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Moran, SB, Kelly, RP, Hagstrom, K, Smith, JN, Grebmeier, JM, Cooper, LW, Cota, GF, Walsh, JJ, Bates, NR, Hansell, DA, Maslowski, W, Nelson, RP & Mulsow, S 2005, 'Seasonal changes in POC export flux in the Chukchi Sea and implications for water column-benthic coupling in Arctic shelves', Deep-Sea Research Part II: Topical Studies in Oceanography, vol. 52, no. 24-26, pp. 3427-3451. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.dsr2.2005.09.011
Moran, S. B. ; Kelly, R. P. ; Hagstrom, K. ; Smith, J. N. ; Grebmeier, J. M. ; Cooper, L. W. ; Cota, G. F. ; Walsh, J. J. ; Bates, N. R. ; Hansell, Dennis A ; Maslowski, W. ; Nelson, R. P. ; Mulsow, S. / Seasonal changes in POC export flux in the Chukchi Sea and implications for water column-benthic coupling in Arctic shelves. In: Deep-Sea Research Part II: Topical Studies in Oceanography. 2005 ; Vol. 52, No. 24-26. pp. 3427-3451.
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abstract = "As part of the 2002 Shelf-Basin Interactions (SBI) process study, measurements of the seasonal variation in the export flux of particulate organic carbon (POC) are reported for the upper waters of the Chukchi Sea. POC fluxes were quantified by determination of 234Th/238U disequilibrium and POC/234Th ratios in large (>53μm) aggregates collected using in situ pumps. Samples were collected at 35 stations on two cruises, one in predominantly ice-coved conditions during the spring (May 6-June 15) and the other in predominantly open water during the summer (July 17-August 26). Enhanced particle export was observed in the shelf and slope waters, particularly within Barrow Canyon, and there was a marked increase in particle export at all stations during the summer (July-August) relative to the spring (May-June). 234Th-derived POC fluxes exhibit significant seasonal and spatial variability, averaging 2.9±5.3mmolCm-2d-1 (range=0.031-22mmolCm-2d-1) in the spring and increasing ∼4-fold in the summer to an average value of 10.5±9.3mmolCm -2d-1 (range=0.79-39mmolCm-2d-1). The fraction of primary production exported from the upper waters increases from ∼15{\%} in the spring to ∼32{\%} in the summer. By comparison, DOC accumulation associated with net community production represented ∼6{\%} of primary production (∼2mmolCm-2d-1). The majority of shelf and slope stations indicate a close agreement between POC export and benthic C respiration in the spring, whereas there is an imbalance between POC export and benthic respiration in the summer. The implication is that up to ∼20{\%} of summer production (∼6±7mmolCm-2d-1) may be seasonally exported off-shelf in this productive shelf/slope region of the Arctic Ocean.",
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AU - Kelly, R. P.

AU - Hagstrom, K.

AU - Smith, J. N.

AU - Grebmeier, J. M.

AU - Cooper, L. W.

AU - Cota, G. F.

AU - Walsh, J. J.

AU - Bates, N. R.

AU - Hansell, Dennis A

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