Sea-surface temperature measurements from the Moderate-Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) on Aqua and Terra

Peter J. Minnett, O. B. Brown, R. H. Evans, E. L. Key, E. J. Kearns, K. Kilpatrick, A. Kumar, K. A. Maillet, G. Szczodrak

Research output: Contribution to conferencePaper

57 Scopus citations

Abstract

The Terra and Aqua satellites are the flagships of the NASA Earth Observing System and carry suites of sensors designed to provide measurements of the climate system suitable for many research applications. Each satellite carries a Moderate-Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS), which are very complex imaging radiometers operating in both the visible and infrared parts of the electromagnetic spectrum. One of the primary variables that is derived from some of the infrared measurements of MODIS is sea-surface temperature (SST). There are two spectral intervals located where the atmosphere is relatively transparent, at about 4 and 11 micrometer wavelengths, where SST measurements can be made in cloud-free conditions, although the contamination of the shorter wavelength measurements by reflected sunlight limits these to the night-time part of each orbit. The atmospheric correction algorithms used to derive SSTs are described, along with radiometric and sub-surface measurements used to determine the error characteristics of the retrieved fields.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages4576-4579
Number of pages4
StatePublished - Dec 1 2004
Event2004 IEEE International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium Proceedings: Science for Society: Exploring and Managing a Changing Planet. IGARSS 2004 - Anchorage, AK, United States
Duration: Sep 20 2004Sep 24 2004

Other

Other2004 IEEE International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium Proceedings: Science for Society: Exploring and Managing a Changing Planet. IGARSS 2004
CountryUnited States
CityAnchorage, AK
Period9/20/049/24/04

Keywords

  • EOS-Aqua
  • EOS-Terra
  • Infrared remote sensing
  • MODIS
  • Satellite oceanography
  • Sea-surface temperature

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Computer Science Applications
  • Earth and Planetary Sciences(all)

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Sea-surface temperature measurements from the Moderate-Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) on Aqua and Terra'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this