A serum Venereal Disease Research Laboratories (VDRL) test was carried out in 216 elderly patients with dementia or 'functional ' psychiatric illness, or both, as part of a community based screening program. The VDRL test was positive in 13 patients, 11 of whom (5.1%) had an actual past or present syphilitic infection as confirmed by the fluorescent treponemal antibody absorption test (FTA Abs). In six patients (2.8%) syphilis was newly detected, and in another two patients previously detected syphilis had been inadequately treated. Only two (0.9%) biologic false positive reactors were detected. These results question the belief that aging per se is a common cause of the biologic false positive reaction; and indicate a relatively high incidence of past or present syphilitic infection in geriatric patients with psychiatric illness in the community who have been referred for crisis intervention.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||3|
|Journal||Western Journal of Medicine|
|State||Published - Dec 1 1976|
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