Screening for substance misuse in the dental care setting: Findings from a nationally representative survey of dentists

Carrigan L. Parish, Margaret R. Pereyra, Harold A. Pollack, Gabriel Cardenas, Pedro C. Castellon, Stephen N. Abel, Richard Singer, Lisa R. Metsch

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

12 Scopus citations

Abstract

Aims: The dental setting is a potentially valuable venue for screening for substance misuse. Therefore, we assessed dentists' inquiry of substance misuse through their patient medical history forms and their agreement with the compatibility of screening as part of the dentists' professional role. Design: A nationally representative survey of general dentists using a sampling frame obtained from the American Dental Association Survey Center (November 2010-November 2011). Setting: United States of America. Participants: A total of 1802 general dentists. Measurements: A 38-item survey instrument assessing the relationship between dentists' practice, knowledge, behaviors and attitudes with their query about substance misuse and their belief that such screening is part of their professional role. Findings: Dentists who accepted substance misuse screening as part of their professional role were more likely to query about misuse with their patients (85.8%) compared with those who did not accept such screening as part of their role (68.2%) (P<0.001). Prior experience and knowledge about substance misuse were the strongest predictors of dentists' inquiry about patient substance use/misuse and acceptance of screening as part of their role in their clinical practice (P<0.05). Conclusion: While more than three-quarters of US dentists report that they ask their patients about substance misuse, two-thirds do not agree that such screening is compatible with their professional role.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1516-1523
Number of pages8
JournalAddiction
Volume110
Issue number9
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 1 2015

Keywords

  • Attitude
  • Data collection
  • Oral health
  • Preventive medical screenings
  • Professional role
  • Substance abuse

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

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