Schooling and the construction of identity among minority students in Spain and the United States

Beth Harry, Pilar Arnaiz, Janette Klingner, Keith Sturges

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

13 Scopus citations

Abstract

Based on a study of the special education placement process in a large city in the United States and two studies in different regions of Spain, the authors offer a comparative analysis of the relationship between professional beliefs and practices and the achievement of culturally and linguistically diverse (CLD) students. The data focus on African American and Hispanic students in the United States and on Gitano (Gypsy) and Moroccan students in Spain. Although professional attitudes in both countries revealed deficit views of CLD students, a key concern in Spain was professionals' assumption that students' cultural assimilation was a requirement for success. In the United States, deficit views, entwined with the entrenched categorical approach to school-based disabilities, contributed to ethnic disproportionality in special education. The studies illustrate how the hegemony of mainstream culture and language in schooling contributes to inappropriate academic and social exclusion for students from historically oppressed minority groups.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)15-25
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Special Education
Volume42
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - May 1 2008

Keywords

  • Comparative cultural analysis
  • Culture
  • Ethnic identity
  • Minority student achievement
  • Spain
  • Special education
  • Stereotyping
  • United States

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Education
  • Rehabilitation

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