Schooling and migration of large pelagic fishes relative to environmental cues

Robert Humston, Jerald S. Ault, Molly Lutcavage, Donald B. Olson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

61 Scopus citations

Abstract

A kinesis model driven by high-resolution sea surface temperature maps is used to simulate Atlantic bluefin tuna movements in the Gulf of Maine during summer months. Simulations showed that individuals concentrated in areas of thermal preference. Results are compared to empirical distribution maps of bluefin tuna schools determined from aerial overflights of the stock during the same time periods. Simulations and empirical observations showed similar bluefin tuna distributions along fronts, although interannual variations in temperature ranges occupied suggest that additional foraging factors are involved. Performance of the model is further tested by simulating the relatively large-scale annual north-south migrations of bluefin tuna that followed a preferred thermal regime. Despite the model's relatively simple structure, results suggest that kinesis is an effective mechanism for describing movements of large pelagic fish in the expansive ocean environment.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)136-146
Number of pages11
JournalFisheries Oceanography
Volume9
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 4 2000

Keywords

  • Atlantic bluefin tuna
  • Kinesis
  • Migration
  • Spatial model

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Aquatic Science
  • Oceanography

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