Scars and scarring: Causes, types, and treatment options

Anna Chacon, Katlein França, Jennifer Ledon, Keyvan Nouri

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

1 Scopus citations


In developed nations, about 100 million people will acquire scars after a surgical procedure each year. Although scars rarely pose a significant health risk, patients often experience significant physical, aesthetic, psychological and social distress. The appearance, duration, and improvement of a scar are among the most common concerns that many patients with scars ask their physicians. Scars are the result of injury to the skin from trauma or disease. When wound healing is interrupted from its normal, systematic pattern, abnormal scarring occurs. Scars can be classified as hypertrophic, normotrophic, and atrophic. Raised (or hypertrophic) scars include: keloids and hypertrophic scars. Atrophic scar subtypes include: striae distensae, epidermal and dermal atrophy, and panatrophy. Other scars may occur as a result of acne, burns, or contractures. There are various treatment options available including ablative and non-ablative lasers and other possibilities, such as dermabrasion, chemical peels, microneedling, intra-lesional therapy, surgery and cryotherapy. This chapter presents causes, types and treatment options for scars.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationScars and Scarring
Subtitle of host publicationCauses, Types and Treatment Options
PublisherNova Science Publishers, Inc.
Number of pages24
ISBN (Print)9781628080056
StatePublished - Dec 1 2013

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)


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