Satisfaction and dysphotopsia in the pseudophakic patient

Nathan R. Welch, Ninel Gregori, Norm Zabriskie, Randall J. Olson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

13 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objective: To examine factors that influence satisfaction after uncomplicated cataract surgery. Design: Retrospective case review and examination of patients. Participants: Sixty-one consecutive patients, seen at the John A. Moran Eye Center, University of Utah School of Medicine, who had uncomplicated cataract surgery from 1 practice and 40 consecutive control patients who met the inclusion criteria and were willing to participate. Methods: Inclusion criteria were best-corrected visual acuity (BCVA) of at least 20/20, without any ocular disease that might affect vision. Patients were given a complete ophthalmic examination, had photos of the intraocular lens (IOL) and capsule taken, and were asked questions about dysphotopsia and satisfaction. A group of patients >65 years old with 20/20 BCVA and without other ophthalmic diagnoses were recruited, asked the same questions, and compared. Results: The only significant correlation with dissatisfaction was dysphotopsia (r = 0.602, CI 0.42-0.74, p < 0.0001). BCVA, uncorrected visual acuity, posterior capsular opacification, and anterior capsule overlap of the optic were not significantly correlated. The IOL patients were significantly worse for reported glare (p < 0.0001), photophobia (p < 0.0001), and flashes of light (p = 0.0002), but not for halos. Conclusions: While satisfaction with cataract removal and IOL placement is high, dysphotopsia is the most important contributor to dissatisfaction and is relatively common. Furthermore, these symptoms are much worse than in agematched controls. Research seeking to ameliorate dysphotopsia is clinically important.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)140-143
Number of pages4
JournalCanadian Journal of Ophthalmology
Volume45
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 2010
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Dysphotopsia
  • Glare
  • Intraocular lens

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ophthalmology

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