We discuss a sample size calculation for a pair-matched case-control study to test for interaction between a specific exposure and a second risk factor. The second risk factor could be either binary or continuous. An algorithm for the calculation of sample size is suggested which is based on a logistic regression model that relates the logarithm of the disease-exposure odds ratio to the second risk factor. This problem is motivated by a study comparing the prevalence of GP-IIIa Pl(A2) polymorphism (the exposure) in individuals with and without myocardial infarction (case-control). One of the hypotheses in this study is whether or not there is an interaction between the prevalence of GP-IIIa Pl(A2) polymorphism and a second risk factor such as smoking status and homocysteine level. We introduce the algorithm in detail with several numerical examples. (C) 2000 John Wiley and Sons, Ltd.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||13|
|Journal||Statistics in Medicine|
|State||Published - Apr 15 2000|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Statistics and Probability