Salvage chemotherapy with cisplatin and 5-fluorouracil in metastatic breast cancer. Particular activity against liver metastases

Lazaros Lekakis, Dimitrios Tryfonopoulos, Nikolaos Pistamatzian, Christos Panopoulos, George Koumakis, Stamatina Demiri, Anna Efremidis

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

4 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: The prognosis of patients with metastatic breast cancer who have failed to respond to at least two different chemotherapy regimens is poor. Such patients with metastatic disease to the liver have even worse prognosis. Cisplatin and 5-fluorouracil (5-FU) can be given in patients with impaired hepatic function but their combination has not been extensively studied in this setting. Patients and Methods: We retrospectively collected data from our registry on patients with advanced metastatic breast cancer who received combination of cisplatin/5-FU. We sought to determine the toxicity, the response rate, the disease control rate and the survival of this combination. Results: We identified 25 heavily pre-treated patients, out of which 19 (76%) had liver metastases. They had been treated before with a median of three lines of cytotoxic chemotherapy. The majority of patients had also received hormonal manipulation or trastuzumab. The median number of cisplatin/5-FU administered cycles, without toxic deaths or unexpected toxicities was four. The partial response (PR) rate was 32% and the disease control rate (DCR) was 68%. The time to progression was five months and the median survival after starting on cisplatin/5-FU was six months. Conclusion: The combination of cisplatin/5-FU is active and safe in heavily pre-treated patients with metastatic breast cancer even in the presence of liver metastases and jaundice.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1833-1838
Number of pages6
JournalAnticancer research
Volume32
Issue number5
StatePublished - May 1 2012
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • 5-fluorouracil
  • Breast cancer
  • Cisplatin
  • Liver metastasis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cancer Research
  • Oncology

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    Lekakis, L., Tryfonopoulos, D., Pistamatzian, N., Panopoulos, C., Koumakis, G., Demiri, S., & Efremidis, A. (2012). Salvage chemotherapy with cisplatin and 5-fluorouracil in metastatic breast cancer. Particular activity against liver metastases. Anticancer research, 32(5), 1833-1838.