Saharan Dust Effects on North Atlantic Sea-Surface Skin Temperatures

Bingkun Luo, Peter J. Minnett, Paquita Zuidema, Nicholas R. Nalli, Santha Akella

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Saharan dust outbreaks frequently propagate westward over the Atlantic Ocean; accurate quantification of the dust aerosol scattering and absorption effect on the surface radiative fluxes (SRF) is fundamental to understanding critical climate feedbacks. By exploiting large sets of measurements from many ship campaigns in conjunction with reanalysis products, this study characterizes the sensitivity of the SRF and skin Sea-Surface Temperature (SSTskin) to the Saharan dust aerosols using models of the atmospheric radiative transfer and thermal skin effect. Saharan dust outbreaks can decrease the surface shortwave radiation up to 190 W/m2, and an analysis of the corresponding SSTskin changes using a thermal skin model suggests dust-induced cooling effects as large as −0.24 K during daytime and a warming effect of up of 0.06 K during daytime and nighttime respectively. Greater physical insight into the radiative transfer through an aerosol-burdened atmosphere will substantially improve the predictive capabilities of weather and climate studies on a regional basis.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numbere2021JC017282
JournalJournal of Geophysical Research: Oceans
Volume126
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 2021

Keywords

  • Atlantic Ocean
  • skin sea surface temperature response
  • surface radiation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geochemistry and Petrology
  • Geophysics
  • Earth and Planetary Sciences (miscellaneous)
  • Space and Planetary Science
  • Oceanography

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