Safety and Pharmacokinetics of 120 mg/kg versus 60 mg/kg Weekly Intravenous Infusions of Alpha-1 Proteinase Inhibitor in Alpha-1 Antitrypsin Deficiency: A Multicenter, Randomized, Double-Blind, Crossover Study (SPARK)

Michael A. Campos, Friedrich Kueppers, James M. Stocks, Charlie Strange, Junliang Chen, Rhonda Griffin, Laurene Wang-Smith, Mark L. Brantly

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

33 Scopus citations

Abstract

Augmentation therapy with the approved dose of 60 mg/kg weekly intravenous (IV) alpha-1 proteinase inhibitor (alpha1-PI), achieves a trough serum level of 11 μM in individuals with alpha-1 antitrypsin deficiency (AATD), yet this is still below the level observed in healthy individuals. This study assessed the safety and pharmacokinetic profile of weekly infusions of a 120 mg/kg dose of alpha1-PI in 30 adults with AATD. Subjects with symptomatic, genetically determined (genotypes PI*ZZ, PI*Z(null), PI*(null)(null) or PI*(Z)Mmalton) AATD were randomly assigned to weekly infusions of 60 or 120 mg/kg alpha1-PI (Prolastin-C®) for 8 weeks before crossing over to the alternate dose for 8 weeks. Adverse events (AEs) (including exacerbations), vital signs, pulmonary function tests, and laboratory assessments were recorded. Pharmacokinetic measurements included AUC0-7days, Cmax, trough, tmax, and t1/2, based on serum alpha1-PI concentrations. In total for both treatments, 112 AEs were reported, with exacerbation of COPD being the most frequent, consistent with the subjects' diagnoses. Mean steady-state serum alpha1-PI concentrations following 120 mg/kg weekly IV alpha1-PI were higher than with the 60 mg/kg dose and mean trough concentrations were 27.7 versus 17.3 μM, respectively. Dose proportionality was demonstrated for AUC0-7days and Cmax, with low inter-subject variability. The 120 mg/kg alpha1-PI weekly dose was considered to be safe and well tolerated, and provided more favorable physiologic alpha1-PI serum levels than the currently recommended 60 mg/kg dose. The effect of this dosing regimen on slowing and/or preventing emphysema progression in subjects with AATD warrants further investigation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)687-695
Number of pages9
JournalCOPD: Journal of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
Volume10
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 2013

Keywords

  • Alpha-1 antitrypsin deficiency
  • Alpha-1 proteinase Inhibitor
  • Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine

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