Safety and efficacy of nail products

Harleen Arora, Antonella Tosti

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Over the past several decades, the commercialization of nail cosmetics has increased. From nail polishes to artificial nails, different methods of nail beautification have become popularized. However, the impact of these products remains largely unknown. Governments have passed legislation in attempts to regulate nail cosmetics, but these regulations may not be adequate and are difficult to enforce. Knowledge of the safety and efficacy of nail products remains limited due to the relative dearth of literature published on the topic. This review serves to summarize and interpret the data available regarding common nail products and their safety and efficacy. Nail products such as nail polish, nail polish removers, and artificial nails have shown to have some adverse effects through case reports and studies. Harmful substances such as toluenesulfonamide-formaldehyde resin and methacrylates have been identified in commercial nail products, leading to several adverse effects, but in particular, allergic contact dermatitis. Exposure to substances such as acetonitrile found in removers may have more toxic and caustic effects, especially if ingested. In addition, for nail technicians there are negative effects linked with occupational exposure. Compounds used in nail products may become aerosolized and lead to asthma, eye and throat irritation, and even neurocognitive changes.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number24
JournalCosmetics
Volume4
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 1 2017

Fingerprint

Nails
Safety
Industrial Oils
Cosmetics
Dermatitis
Caustics
Allergic Contact Dermatitis
Methacrylates
Poisons
Occupational Exposure
Pharynx
Acetonitrile
Legislation
Formaldehyde

Keywords

  • Efficacy evaluation
  • Nail care products
  • Nail disorders
  • Safety assessment

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Dermatology
  • Chemical Engineering (miscellaneous)
  • Aging
  • Pharmaceutical Science
  • Surgery

Cite this

Safety and efficacy of nail products. / Arora, Harleen; Tosti, Antonella.

In: Cosmetics, Vol. 4, No. 3, 24, 01.09.2017.

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

Arora, Harleen ; Tosti, Antonella. / Safety and efficacy of nail products. In: Cosmetics. 2017 ; Vol. 4, No. 3.
@article{c22af116fc454c5fa9c18d998132ae3b,
title = "Safety and efficacy of nail products",
abstract = "Over the past several decades, the commercialization of nail cosmetics has increased. From nail polishes to artificial nails, different methods of nail beautification have become popularized. However, the impact of these products remains largely unknown. Governments have passed legislation in attempts to regulate nail cosmetics, but these regulations may not be adequate and are difficult to enforce. Knowledge of the safety and efficacy of nail products remains limited due to the relative dearth of literature published on the topic. This review serves to summarize and interpret the data available regarding common nail products and their safety and efficacy. Nail products such as nail polish, nail polish removers, and artificial nails have shown to have some adverse effects through case reports and studies. Harmful substances such as toluenesulfonamide-formaldehyde resin and methacrylates have been identified in commercial nail products, leading to several adverse effects, but in particular, allergic contact dermatitis. Exposure to substances such as acetonitrile found in removers may have more toxic and caustic effects, especially if ingested. In addition, for nail technicians there are negative effects linked with occupational exposure. Compounds used in nail products may become aerosolized and lead to asthma, eye and throat irritation, and even neurocognitive changes.",
keywords = "Efficacy evaluation, Nail care products, Nail disorders, Safety assessment",
author = "Harleen Arora and Antonella Tosti",
year = "2017",
month = "9",
day = "1",
doi = "10.3390/cosmetics4030024",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "4",
journal = "Cosmetics",
issn = "2079-9284",
publisher = "MDPI AG",
number = "3",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Safety and efficacy of nail products

AU - Arora, Harleen

AU - Tosti, Antonella

PY - 2017/9/1

Y1 - 2017/9/1

N2 - Over the past several decades, the commercialization of nail cosmetics has increased. From nail polishes to artificial nails, different methods of nail beautification have become popularized. However, the impact of these products remains largely unknown. Governments have passed legislation in attempts to regulate nail cosmetics, but these regulations may not be adequate and are difficult to enforce. Knowledge of the safety and efficacy of nail products remains limited due to the relative dearth of literature published on the topic. This review serves to summarize and interpret the data available regarding common nail products and their safety and efficacy. Nail products such as nail polish, nail polish removers, and artificial nails have shown to have some adverse effects through case reports and studies. Harmful substances such as toluenesulfonamide-formaldehyde resin and methacrylates have been identified in commercial nail products, leading to several adverse effects, but in particular, allergic contact dermatitis. Exposure to substances such as acetonitrile found in removers may have more toxic and caustic effects, especially if ingested. In addition, for nail technicians there are negative effects linked with occupational exposure. Compounds used in nail products may become aerosolized and lead to asthma, eye and throat irritation, and even neurocognitive changes.

AB - Over the past several decades, the commercialization of nail cosmetics has increased. From nail polishes to artificial nails, different methods of nail beautification have become popularized. However, the impact of these products remains largely unknown. Governments have passed legislation in attempts to regulate nail cosmetics, but these regulations may not be adequate and are difficult to enforce. Knowledge of the safety and efficacy of nail products remains limited due to the relative dearth of literature published on the topic. This review serves to summarize and interpret the data available regarding common nail products and their safety and efficacy. Nail products such as nail polish, nail polish removers, and artificial nails have shown to have some adverse effects through case reports and studies. Harmful substances such as toluenesulfonamide-formaldehyde resin and methacrylates have been identified in commercial nail products, leading to several adverse effects, but in particular, allergic contact dermatitis. Exposure to substances such as acetonitrile found in removers may have more toxic and caustic effects, especially if ingested. In addition, for nail technicians there are negative effects linked with occupational exposure. Compounds used in nail products may become aerosolized and lead to asthma, eye and throat irritation, and even neurocognitive changes.

KW - Efficacy evaluation

KW - Nail care products

KW - Nail disorders

KW - Safety assessment

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85063828339&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=85063828339&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.3390/cosmetics4030024

DO - 10.3390/cosmetics4030024

M3 - Review article

AN - SCOPUS:85063828339

VL - 4

JO - Cosmetics

JF - Cosmetics

SN - 2079-9284

IS - 3

M1 - 24

ER -