Sachet water quality and brand reputation in two low-income urban communities in Greater Accra, Ghana

Justin B Stoler, Raymond A. Tutu, Hawa Ahmed, Lady Asantewa Frimpong, Mohammed Bello

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

21 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Sachet water has become an important primary source of drinking water in western Africa, but little is known about bacteriologic quality and improvements to quality control given the recent, rapid evolution of this industry. This report examines basic bacteriologic indicators for 60 sachet water samples from two very low-income communities in Accra, Ghana, and explores the relationship between local perceptions of brand quality and bacteriologic quality after controlling for characteristics of the vending environment. No fecal contamination was detected in any sample, and 82% of total heterotrophic bacteria counts were below the recommended limit for packaged water. Sachets from brands with a positive reputation for quality were 90% less likely to present any level of total heterotrophic bacteria after controlling for confounding factors. These results contrast with much of the recent sachet water quality literature and may indicate substantial progress in sachet water regulation and quality control.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)272-278
Number of pages7
JournalAmerican Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
Volume90
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 1 2014

Fingerprint

Ghana
Water Quality
Quality Control
Water
Bacteria
Western Africa
Quality Improvement
Drinking Water
Industry

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Parasitology
  • Infectious Diseases
  • Virology

Cite this

Sachet water quality and brand reputation in two low-income urban communities in Greater Accra, Ghana. / Stoler, Justin B; Tutu, Raymond A.; Ahmed, Hawa; Frimpong, Lady Asantewa; Bello, Mohammed.

In: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene, Vol. 90, No. 2, 01.02.2014, p. 272-278.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Stoler, Justin B ; Tutu, Raymond A. ; Ahmed, Hawa ; Frimpong, Lady Asantewa ; Bello, Mohammed. / Sachet water quality and brand reputation in two low-income urban communities in Greater Accra, Ghana. In: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene. 2014 ; Vol. 90, No. 2. pp. 272-278.
@article{22db0263ee83462d91c12a0ec5df7995,
title = "Sachet water quality and brand reputation in two low-income urban communities in Greater Accra, Ghana",
abstract = "Sachet water has become an important primary source of drinking water in western Africa, but little is known about bacteriologic quality and improvements to quality control given the recent, rapid evolution of this industry. This report examines basic bacteriologic indicators for 60 sachet water samples from two very low-income communities in Accra, Ghana, and explores the relationship between local perceptions of brand quality and bacteriologic quality after controlling for characteristics of the vending environment. No fecal contamination was detected in any sample, and 82{\%} of total heterotrophic bacteria counts were below the recommended limit for packaged water. Sachets from brands with a positive reputation for quality were 90{\%} less likely to present any level of total heterotrophic bacteria after controlling for confounding factors. These results contrast with much of the recent sachet water quality literature and may indicate substantial progress in sachet water regulation and quality control.",
author = "Stoler, {Justin B} and Tutu, {Raymond A.} and Hawa Ahmed and Frimpong, {Lady Asantewa} and Mohammed Bello",
year = "2014",
month = "2",
day = "1",
doi = "10.4269/ajtmh.13-0461",
language = "English",
volume = "90",
pages = "272--278",
journal = "American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene",
issn = "0002-9637",
publisher = "American Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene",
number = "2",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Sachet water quality and brand reputation in two low-income urban communities in Greater Accra, Ghana

AU - Stoler, Justin B

AU - Tutu, Raymond A.

AU - Ahmed, Hawa

AU - Frimpong, Lady Asantewa

AU - Bello, Mohammed

PY - 2014/2/1

Y1 - 2014/2/1

N2 - Sachet water has become an important primary source of drinking water in western Africa, but little is known about bacteriologic quality and improvements to quality control given the recent, rapid evolution of this industry. This report examines basic bacteriologic indicators for 60 sachet water samples from two very low-income communities in Accra, Ghana, and explores the relationship between local perceptions of brand quality and bacteriologic quality after controlling for characteristics of the vending environment. No fecal contamination was detected in any sample, and 82% of total heterotrophic bacteria counts were below the recommended limit for packaged water. Sachets from brands with a positive reputation for quality were 90% less likely to present any level of total heterotrophic bacteria after controlling for confounding factors. These results contrast with much of the recent sachet water quality literature and may indicate substantial progress in sachet water regulation and quality control.

AB - Sachet water has become an important primary source of drinking water in western Africa, but little is known about bacteriologic quality and improvements to quality control given the recent, rapid evolution of this industry. This report examines basic bacteriologic indicators for 60 sachet water samples from two very low-income communities in Accra, Ghana, and explores the relationship between local perceptions of brand quality and bacteriologic quality after controlling for characteristics of the vending environment. No fecal contamination was detected in any sample, and 82% of total heterotrophic bacteria counts were below the recommended limit for packaged water. Sachets from brands with a positive reputation for quality were 90% less likely to present any level of total heterotrophic bacteria after controlling for confounding factors. These results contrast with much of the recent sachet water quality literature and may indicate substantial progress in sachet water regulation and quality control.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84893474014&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84893474014&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.4269/ajtmh.13-0461

DO - 10.4269/ajtmh.13-0461

M3 - Article

C2 - 24379244

AN - SCOPUS:84893474014

VL - 90

SP - 272

EP - 278

JO - American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene

JF - American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene

SN - 0002-9637

IS - 2

ER -