Sachet water quality and brand reputation in two low-income urban communities in Greater Accra, Ghana

Justin Stoler, Raymond A. Tutu, Hawa Ahmed, Lady Asantewa Frimpong, Mohammed Bello

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

21 Scopus citations


Sachet water has become an important primary source of drinking water in western Africa, but little is known about bacteriologic quality and improvements to quality control given the recent, rapid evolution of this industry. This report examines basic bacteriologic indicators for 60 sachet water samples from two very low-income communities in Accra, Ghana, and explores the relationship between local perceptions of brand quality and bacteriologic quality after controlling for characteristics of the vending environment. No fecal contamination was detected in any sample, and 82% of total heterotrophic bacteria counts were below the recommended limit for packaged water. Sachets from brands with a positive reputation for quality were 90% less likely to present any level of total heterotrophic bacteria after controlling for confounding factors. These results contrast with much of the recent sachet water quality literature and may indicate substantial progress in sachet water regulation and quality control.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)272-278
Number of pages7
JournalAmerican Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
Issue number2
StatePublished - Feb 1 2014


ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Parasitology
  • Virology
  • Infectious Diseases

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