rpoB gene mutations among Mycobacterium tuberculosis isolates from extrapulmonary sites

Azar Dokht Khosravi, Hossein Meghdadi, Ata A. Ghadiri, Ameneh Alami, Amir Hossein Sina, Mehdi Mirsaeidi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations


The aim of this study was to analyze mutations occurring in the rpoB gene of Mycobacterium tuberculosis (MTB) isolates from clinical samples of extrapulmonary tuberculosis (EPTB). Seventy formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded samples and fresh tissue samples from confirmed EPTB cases were analyzed. Nested PCR based on the rpoB gene was performed on the extracted DNAs, combined with cloning and subsequent sequencing. Sixty-seven (95.7%) samples were positive for nester PCR. Sequence analysis of the 81 bp region of the rpoB gene demonstrated mutations in 41 (61.2%) of 67 sequenced samples. Several point mutations including deletion mutations at codons 510, 512, 513 and 515, with 45% and 51% of the mutations in codons 512 and 513 respectively were seen, along with 26% replacement mutations at codons 509, 513, 514, 518, 520, 524 and 531. The most common alteration was Gln → His, at codon 513, presented in 30 (75.6%) isolates. This study demonstrated sequence alterations in codon 513 of the 81 bp region of the rpoB gene as the most common mutation occurred in 75.6% of molecularly confirmed rifampin-resistant strains. In addition, simultaneous mutation at codons 512 and 513 was demonstrated in 34.3% of the isolates.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)241-247
Number of pages7
Issue number3
StatePublished - Mar 2018


  • Extrapulmonary tuberculosis
  • Mycobacterium tuberculosis
  • mutation
  • resistance
  • rifampin

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pathology and Forensic Medicine
  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Microbiology (medical)


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