Routine bone scintigraphy is of limited value in the clinical assessment of untreated patients with Hodgkin's disease

O. Landgren, U. Axdorph, H. Jacobsson, B. Johansson, G. Grimfors, M. Björkholm

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Scopus citations

Abstract

The aim of this retrospective study was to evaluate the role of routinely performed bone scintigraphy in the clinical assessment of patients with previously untreated Hodgkin's disease (HD). One-hundred and eighty-three patients with a median age of 31 yrs (range 16-85) with newly diagnosed HD underwent bone scintigraphy between 1972 and 1995. Bone scintigraphies and skeletal X-ray examinations of patients with any pathological scintigraphic finding were reassessed. Initially HD bone involvement could be excluded in 173 (95%) of the patients. Among the remaining ten patients, two had diffuse increased tracer uptake but X-rays were normal. One of these patients was classified as normal with regard to HD bone involvement. A bone marrow scintigraphy examination and regression of changes following therapy supported primary osseous involvement in the other patient. Five patients had focal scintigraphic abnormalities but skeletal X-rays remained negative; three of these five patients reported pain in the scintigraphically affected areas, and therefore the suspicion of bone involvement was strong. The remaining three patients had focal findings both on bone scintigraphy and skeletal X-ray examination and were considered as having osseous HD involvement. All seven patients judged to have HD bone involvement were planned to receive combination chemotherapy up-front, irrespective of the scintigraphic findings. In this series of 183 patients bone involvement was detected in seven patients based on bone scintigraphy/symptoms (n = 3), bone marrow scintigraphy/symptoms (n = 1), and bone scintigraphy/X-ray examination (n = 3). The decision to give multiagent chemotherapy to all patients was not influenced by scintigraphic findings. Therefore, routine bone scintigraphy seems to be of limited value in the clinical assessment of untreated patients with HD.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)174-178
Number of pages5
JournalMedical Oncology
Volume17
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - 2000
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Bone scintigraphy
  • Hodgkin's disease
  • Osseous involvement

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Hematology
  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research

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