Room-Temperature Phosphorescence from Encapsulated Pyrene Induced by Xenon

A. Mohan Raj, Gaurav Sharma, Rajeev Prabhakar, V. Ramamurthy

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3 Scopus citations


Phosphorescence from pyrene especially at room temperature is uncommon. This emission was recorded utilizing a supramolecular organic host and the effect due to the heavy atom. Poor intersystem crossing from S1 to T1, small radiative rate constant from T1, and large rate constant for oxygen quenching hinder the phosphorescence of aromatic molecules at room temperature in solution. In this study, these limitations are overcome by encapsulating a pyrene molecule within a water-soluble capsule (octa acid, OA) and purging with xenon. While OA suppressed oxygen quenching, xenon enabled the intersystem crossing from S1 to T1 and radiative process from T1 to S0 through the well-known heavy atom effect. The close interaction facilitated between the pyrene and the heavy atom perturber xenon in the three-component supramolecular assembly (OA, pyrene, and xenon) resulted in phosphorescence from pyrene. Computational modeling and NMR studies supported the postulate that pyrene and more than one molecule of xenon are present within a confined space of the OA capsule.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)9123-9131
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Physical Chemistry A
Issue number42
StatePublished - Oct 24 2019

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry


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