Roles of cell division and gene transcription in the methylation of CpG islands

Christina M. Bender, Mark L Gonzalgo, Felicidad A. Gonzales, Carvell T. Nguyen, Keith D. Robertson, Peter A. Jones

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

109 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

De novo methylation of CpG islands within the promoters of eukaryotic genes is often associated with their transcriptional repression, yet the methylation of CpG islands located downstream of promoters does not block transcription. We investigated the kinetics of mRNA induction, demethylation, and remethylation of the p16 promoter and second-exon CpG islands in T24 cells after 5-aza-2'-deoxycytidine (5-Aza-CdR) treatment to explore the relationship between CpG island methylation and gene transcription. The rates of remethylation of both CpG islands were associated with time but not with the rate of cell division, and remethylation of the p16 exon 2 CpG island occurred at a higher rate than that of the p16 promoter. We also examined the relationship between the remethylation of coding sequence CpG islands and gene transcription. The kinetics of remethylation of the p16 exon 2, PAX-6 exon 5, c-ABL exon 11, and MYF-3 exon 3 loci were examined following 5-Aza- CdR treatment because these genes contain exonic CpG islands which are hypermethylated in T24 cells. Remethylation occurred most rapidly in the p16, PAX-6, and c-ABL genes, shown to be transcribed prior to drug treatment. These regions also exhibited higher levels of remethylation in single-cell clones and subclones derived from 5-Aza-CdR-treated T24 cells. Our data suggest that de novo methylation is not restricted to the S phase of the cell cycle and that transcription through CpG islands does not inhibit their remethylation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)6690-6698
Number of pages9
JournalMolecular and Cellular Biology
Volume19
Issue number10
StatePublished - Oct 1999
Externally publishedYes

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CpG Islands
Cell Division
Methylation
Exons
Genes
decitabine
S Phase
Cell Cycle
Clone Cells
Messenger RNA

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Biology
  • Genetics
  • Cell Biology

Cite this

Bender, C. M., Gonzalgo, M. L., Gonzales, F. A., Nguyen, C. T., Robertson, K. D., & Jones, P. A. (1999). Roles of cell division and gene transcription in the methylation of CpG islands. Molecular and Cellular Biology, 19(10), 6690-6698.

Roles of cell division and gene transcription in the methylation of CpG islands. / Bender, Christina M.; Gonzalgo, Mark L; Gonzales, Felicidad A.; Nguyen, Carvell T.; Robertson, Keith D.; Jones, Peter A.

In: Molecular and Cellular Biology, Vol. 19, No. 10, 10.1999, p. 6690-6698.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Bender, CM, Gonzalgo, ML, Gonzales, FA, Nguyen, CT, Robertson, KD & Jones, PA 1999, 'Roles of cell division and gene transcription in the methylation of CpG islands', Molecular and Cellular Biology, vol. 19, no. 10, pp. 6690-6698.
Bender CM, Gonzalgo ML, Gonzales FA, Nguyen CT, Robertson KD, Jones PA. Roles of cell division and gene transcription in the methylation of CpG islands. Molecular and Cellular Biology. 1999 Oct;19(10):6690-6698.
Bender, Christina M. ; Gonzalgo, Mark L ; Gonzales, Felicidad A. ; Nguyen, Carvell T. ; Robertson, Keith D. ; Jones, Peter A. / Roles of cell division and gene transcription in the methylation of CpG islands. In: Molecular and Cellular Biology. 1999 ; Vol. 19, No. 10. pp. 6690-6698.
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