Methamphetamine (METH)-induced dopaminergic neurotoxicity is thought to be associated with the generation of reactive oxygen species (ROS) and reactive nitrogen species (RNS). Recently, we have reported that copper/zinc (CuZn)-superoxide dismutase transgenic mice are resistant to METH-induced neurotoxicity. In the present study, we examined the role of the neuronal nitric oxide synthase (nNOS), susceptibility of nNOS knockout (KO) mice and sensitization to psychostimulants after neurotoxic doses of METH. Male Swiss Webster mice were treated with or without 7-nitroindazole (7-NI) along with METH (5 mg/kg,ip,q 3 h x 3) and were sacrificed 72 h after the last METH injection. Dopamine (DA) and dopamine transporter (DAT) binding sites were determined in striatum from saline and METH-treated animals. 7-NI completely protected against the depletion of DA, and DAT in striatum. In follow-up experiments nNOS KO mice along with appropriate control (C57BL/6N, SV129 and B6JSV129) mice were treated with METH (5 mg/kg,ip,q 3 h x 3) and were sacrificed 72 h after dosing. This schedule of METH administrations resulted in only 10-20% decrease in tissue content of DA and no apparent change in the number of DAT binding sites in nNOS KO mice. However, this regime of METH resulted in a significant decrease in the content of DA as well as DAT binding sites in the wild-type animals. Pre-exposure to single or multiple doses of METH resulted in a marked locomotion sensitization in response to METH. However, the nNOS KO mice show no sensitization in response to METH after single or multiple injections of METH. Therefore, these studies strongly suggest the role of peroxynitrite, nNOS and DA system in METH-induced neurotoxicity and behavioral sensitization.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||11|
|State||Published - Jan 1 2000|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Medicine (miscellaneous)
- Psychiatry and Mental health