Role of follow-up imaging after resection of brain arteriovenous malformations in pediatric patients: a systematic review of the literature

Joaquin E. Jimenez, Zachary C. Gersey, Jason Wagner, Brian Snelling, Sudheer Ambekar, Eric Peterson

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

10 Scopus citations


OBJECTIVE Pediatric patients are at risk for the recurrence of brain arteriovenous malformation (AVM) after resection. While there is general consensus on the importance of follow-up after surgical removal of an AVM, there is a lack of consistency in the duration of that follow-up. The object of this systematic review was to examine the role of follow-up imaging in detecting AVM recurrence early and preventing AVM rupture. METHODS This systematic review was performed using articles obtained through a search of the literature contained in the MeSH database, according to the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) guidelines. RESULTS Search results revealed 1052 articles, 13 of which described 31 cases of AVM recurrence meeting the criteria for inclusion in this study. Detection of AVM occurred significantly earlier (mean ± SD, 3.56 ± 3.67 years) in patients with follow-up imaging than in those without (mean 8.86 ± 5.61 years; p = 0.0169). While 13.34% of patients who underwent follow-up imaging presented with rupture of a recurrent AVM, 57.14% of those without follow-up imaging presented with a ruptured recurrence (p = 0.0377). CONCLUSIONS Follow-up imaging has an integral role after AVM resection and is sometimes not performed for a sufficient period, leading to delayed detection of recurrence and an increased likelihood of a ruptured recurrent AVM.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)149-156
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of neurosurgery. Pediatrics
Issue number2
StatePublished - Feb 1 2017



  • arteriovenous malformation
  • AVM = arteriovenous malformation
  • DSA = digital subtraction angiography
  • follow-up imaging
  • pediatrics
  • recurrence
  • SM = Spetzler-Martin
  • vascular disorders

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

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