Role of Calmodulin and Protein Kinase C in Astrocytic Cell Volume Regulation

Alex S. Bender, Joseph T. Neary, Janina Blicharska, Luz‐Oliva B. Norenberg, Michael D. Norenberg

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

59 Scopus citations

Abstract

We investigated the role of Ca2+-dependent protein kinases in the regulation of astrocytic cell volume. Calmodulin (CaM) antagonists were used to inhibit CaM and thus Ca2+/ CaM-dependent protein kinase. The effect of these inhibitors as well as activators and inhibitors of protein kinase C (PKC) on astrocytic volume was measured in response to hypoosmotic stress and under isoosmotic conditions. In conditions of hypoosmolarity, CaM antagonists had no effect on swelling, but inhibited the regulatory volume decrease. PKC activation facilitated the swelling induced by hypoosmotic stress. PKC inhibitors induced cell shrinkage and inhibited the initial phase of regulatory volume decrease, whereas PKC downregulation caused pronounced swelling and partial inhibition of regulatory volume decrease. In isoosmotic conditions, CaM antagonists and PKC activation did not affect astrocytic volume, but PKC inhibitors caused shrinking and PKC downregulation led to swelling of these cells. These studies indicate the importance of Ca2+-dependent protein kinases in the regulation of astrocytic cell volume.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1874-1882
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of neurochemistry
Volume58
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - May 1992

Keywords

  • Astrocytes
  • Ca/calmodulin-dependent protein kinase
  • Cell swelling
  • Cell volume regulation
  • Edema
  • Protein kinase C

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience

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