Role of bevacizumab for treatment-refractory meningiomas: A systematic analysis and literature review

Aaron J. Franke, William Paul Skeltoniv, Lindsey E. Woody, Amade Bregy, Ashish H. Shah, Kunal Vakharia, Ricardo J. Komotar

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: Meningiomas are the most prevalent primary tumor of the central nervous system (CNS), and although the majority of these neoplasms are classified as benign, nearly one fourth of the lesions display an aggressive profile characterized by pleomorphic histology, high recurrence rates, and overall resistance to standard treatment. Despite the ubiquitous nature of these tumors, no adjuvant therapeutic regimen has been identified which effectively controls disease recurrence and progression after surgery and radiation, leading to a dismal prognosis in this patient population. The primary focus of this research study is, hence, to assess the recently emerging use of bevacizumab, an anti-angiogenic agent, in the treatment of meningiomas. This systematic literature review analyzes the efficacy and safety of therapeutic bevacizumab for treatment-refractory meningiomas. Methods: A systematic PubMed search was conducted according to PRISMA guidelines to identify all relevant reports investigating the anti-angiogenic agent bevacizumab in the treatment of intracranial meningiomas. The reported parameters from pertinent retrospective reviews, prospective studies, and case studies were volumetric reduction, radiographic response, clinical stability, overall survival (OS), and progression free survival (PFS) measured at 6 and 12 months postinitiation of treatment. Complications were cataloged based on the range and severity of the therapy-related toxicities. Results: A total of 11 articles, 5 retrospective series, 2 prospective trials, and 4 case reports, reporting on a total of 92 patients, were included in this review. The use of bevacizumab therapy for intracranial meningiomas demonstrated median overall PFS of 16.8 months (range: 6.5-22 months) and PFS-6 of 73% (range: 44%-93%). Conclusions: Therapeutic bevacizumab, either alone or with combination chemotherapies, for select patient populations with recurrent or progressive meningiomas, offers a treatment option that confers improved overall progression-free survival. To assess OS parameters, larger randomized controlled trials assessing the use of anti-angiogenic agents for recurrent/progressive meningiomas are warranted.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number133
JournalSurgical Neurology International
Volume9
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 2018

Keywords

  • Avastin
  • Bevacizumab
  • Meningioma
  • Outcomes
  • Systematic analysis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Clinical Neurology

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