Robust design of horizontal axis wind turbines using Taguchi method

Yi Hu, Singiresu S. Rao

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

24 Scopus citations


The robust design of horizontal axis wind turbines, including both parameter design and tolerance design, is presented. A simple way of designing robust horizontal axis wind turbine systems under realistic conditions is outlined with multiple design parameters (variables), multiple objectives, and multiple constraints simultaneously by using the traditional Taguchi method and its extensions. The performance of the turbines is predicted using the axial momentum theory and the blade element momentum theory. In the parameter design stage, the energy output of the turbine is maximized using the Taguchi method and an extended penalty-based Taguchi method is proposed to solve constrained parameter design problems. The results of the unconstrained and constrained parameter design problems, in terms of the objective function and constraints are compared. Using an appropriate set of tolerance settings of the parameters, the tolerance design problem is formulated so as to yield an economical design, while ensuring a minimal variability in the performance of the wind turbine. The resulting multi-objective tolerance design problem is solved using the traditional Taguchi method. The present work provides a simple and economical approach for the robust optimal design of horizontal axis wind turbines.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number111009
JournalJournal of Mechanical Design, Transactions of the ASME
Issue number11
StatePublished - 2011


  • extended Taguchi method
  • horizontal axis wind turbines
  • optimization
  • parameter design
  • robust design
  • Taguchi method
  • tolerance design
  • wind turbines

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Computer Graphics and Computer-Aided Design
  • Computer Science Applications


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