A potentially powerful strategy for theratic HIV vaccination is the use of DC transfected with mRNA encoding autologous viral Ag, as epitopes presented by transfected DC would exactly reflect those expressed by infected cells in the individual. Using human and rhesus macaque monocyte-derived DC, we show that nucleofection is a superior method for mRNA transfection, resulting in high-level protein expression and DC maturation. DC transfected with SIV gag isolated from an infected monkey stimulated robust Ag-specific recall T cell responses of similar magnitude to those induced by peptide-pulsed PBMC that were predominantly CD8+ T cell mediated. Enhanced CD4+ T cell responses were stimulated when Gag was redirected into the lysosomal pathway via the targeting signal derived from lysosome-associated membrane protein-1 (LAMP-1). Rhesus DC transfected with lysosome-targeted gag encoding an escape mutation in an immunodominant CTL epitope stimulated CD4+ and CD8+ T cell responses of almost equivalent magnitude directed towards undefined epitopes outside of the mutated region. Finally, gag-transfected DC from SIV-infected monkeys stimulated significant Ag-specific recall T cell responses in an entirely autologous system. These findings demonstrate that mRNA-transfected DC expressing SIV Ag derived from infected monkeys stimulate broad and relevant T cell responses, supporting this approach for therapeutic HIV vaccine development.
- T cell stimulation
ASJC Scopus subject areas