Robotic guidance platform for laser interstitial thermal ablation and stereotactic needle biopsies: a single center experience

Franco Rubino, Daniel G. Eichberg, Joacir G. Cordeiro, Long Di, Karen Eliahu, Ashish H. Shah, Evan M. Luther, Victor M. Lu, Ricardo J. Komotar, Michael E. Ivan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

While laser ablation has become an increasingly important tool in the neurosurgical oncologist’s armamentarium, deep seated lesions, and those located near critical structures require utmost accuracy during stereotactic laser catheter placement. Robotic devices have evolved significantly over the past two decades becoming an accurate and safe tool for stereotactic neurosurgery. Here, we present our single center experience with the MedTech ROSA ONE Brain robot for robotic guidance in laser interstitial thermal therapy (LITT) and stereotactic biopsies. We retrospectively analyzed the first 70 consecutive patients treated with ROSA device at a single academic medical center. Forty-three patients received needle biopsy immediately followed by LITT with the catheter placed with robotic guidance and 27 received stereotactic needle biopsy alone. All the procedures were performed frameless with skull bone fiducials for registration. We report data regarding intraoperative details, mortality and morbidity, diagnostic yield and lesion characteristics on MRI. Also, we describe the surgical workflow for both procedures. The mean age was 60.3 ± 15 years. The diagnostic yield was positive in 98.5% (n = 69). Sixty-three biopsies (90%) were supratentorial and seven (10%) were infratentorial. Gliomas represented 54.3% of the patients (n = 38). There were two postoperative deaths (2.8%). No permanent morbidity related to surgery were observed. We did not find intraoperative technical problems with the device. There was no need to reposition the needle after the initial placement. Stereotactic robotic guided placement of laser ablation catheters and biopsy needles is safe, accurate, and can be implemented into a neurosurgical workflow.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalJournal of Robotic Surgery
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - 2021

Keywords

  • Brain tumors
  • LITT
  • Robotic neurosurgery
  • ROSA robot
  • Stereotactic procedures

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Health Informatics

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