Robotic-Assisted Endoscopic Laminotomy: 2-Dimensional Operative Video

Yingda Li, Michael Y. Wang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Endoscopy and robotics represent two emerging technologies within the field of spine surgery, the former an ultra-MIS approach minimizing the perioperative footprint and the latter leveraging accuracy and precision. Herein, we present the novel incorporation of robotic assistance into endoscopic laminotomy, applied to a 27-yr-old female with a large caudally migrated L4-5 disc herniation. Patient consent was obtained. Robotic guidance was deployed in (1) planning of a focussed laminotomy map, pivoting on a single skin entry point; (2) percutaneous targeting of the interlaminar window; and (3) execution of precision drilling, controlled for depth. Through this case, we illustrated the potential synergy between these 2 technologies in achieving precise bony removal tailored to the patient's unique pathoanatomy while simultaneously introducing safety mechanisms against human error and improving surgical ergonomics.1,2 The physicians consented to the publication of their images.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)E361
JournalOperative neurosurgery (Hagerstown, Md.)
Issue number5
StatePublished - Apr 15 2021


  • Endoscopy
  • Laminectomy
  • Robotics

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Clinical Neurology


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