Background/purpose The purposes of this study were to identify independent predictors of venous thromboembolism (VTE), to evaluate the relative impact of adult VTE risk factors, and to identify a pediatric population at high-risk for VTE after trauma. Methods 1934 consecutive pediatric admissions (> 17 years) from 01/2000 to 12/2012 at a level 1 trauma center were reviewed. Logistic regression was used to identify predictors of VTE. Results Twenty-two patients (1.2%) developed a VTE, including 5% of those requiring orthopedic surgery, 14% of those with major vascular injury (MVI), and 36% of those with both. Most (84%) were diagnosed at the primary site of injury. 86% of those who developed a VTE were receiving thromboprophylaxis at the time of diagnosis. Independent predictors were age (odds ratio (OR): 1.59, 95% confidence interval (CI): 1.11-2.25), orthopedic surgery (OR: 8.10, CI: 3.10-21.39), transfusion (OR: 3.37, CI: 1.26-8.99), and MVI (OR: 15.43, CI: 5.70-41.76). When known risk factors for VTE in adults were adjusted, significant factors were age ≥ 13 years (OR: 9.16, CI: 1.08-77.89), indwelling central venous catheter (OR: 4.41, CI: 1.31-14.82), orthopedic surgery (OR: 6.80, CI: 2.47-18.74), and MVI (OR: 14.41, CI: 4.60-45.13). Conclusion MVI and orthopedic surgery are synergistic predictors of pediatric VTE. Most children who developed a VTE were receiving thromboprophylaxis at the time of diagnosis.
- Deep vein thrombosis
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health