Risk factors associated with depressive symptoms in caregivers of children with type 1 diabetes or cystic fibrosis

Kimberly A. Driscoll, Suzanne Bennett Johnson, David Barker, Alexandra L. Quittner, Larry C. Deeb, David E. Geller, Magdalen Gondor, Janet H. Silverstein

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

40 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objective Evaluate depressive symptoms in caregivers of children with type 1 diabetes (T1D) or cystic fibrosis (CF) and identify associated risk factors. Methods A total of 195 caregivers completed demographic, stress, and depressive symptoms questionnaires. Children's health status was obtained from medical records. Results Approximately 33 of caregivers reported elevated symptoms of depression (i.e., exceeded clinical cutoff of 16 on the Center for Epidemiological Studies-Depression Scale). For caregivers of children with T1D, elevations were associated with less caregiver education, more family stress, older child age, and worse glycemic control. For caregivers of children with CF, more family stress and lack of employment outside of the home were associated with elevated depressive symptoms. Conclusions Many caregivers of children with T1D or CF experience depressive symptoms, although risk factors may differ in these two populations. Screening of caregiver depressive symptoms as part of routine clinic visits may provide opportunities for needed intervention.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)814-822
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of pediatric psychology
Volume35
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 1 2010

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Keywords

  • children
  • cystic fibrosis
  • depressive symptoms
  • health outcomes
  • parents
  • risk factors
  • type 1 diabetes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Developmental and Educational Psychology
  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health

Cite this

Driscoll, K. A., Johnson, S. B., Barker, D., Quittner, A. L., Deeb, L. C., Geller, D. E., Gondor, M., & Silverstein, J. H. (2010). Risk factors associated with depressive symptoms in caregivers of children with type 1 diabetes or cystic fibrosis. Journal of pediatric psychology, 35(8), 814-822. https://doi.org/10.1093/jpepsy/jsp138