Risk and protective factors, perceptions of family environment, ethnicity, and schizophrenia symptoms

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

5 Scopus citations

Abstract

The family environment can play either a detrimental or a protectiverole in symptom severity for people with schizophrenia. The current studyexamined both patient and caregiver perspectives of the family environment inan ethnically diverse sample of 221 patientswith schizophrenia.We hypothesizedthat environments characterized by high levels of perceived caregiver criticism, low perceived caregiver warmth, and low family cohesion (from both the patientand caregiver perspective) would predict greater symptom severity. As expected, results demonstrated that lower patient ratings of family cohesion and caregiverwarmth were associated with greater symptom severity. However, once put intoa hierarchical regression analysis, only patient ratings of family cohesion remainedsignificant. Ethnic patterns were also examined and revealed that familycohesion may be particularly protective for ethnic minorities. Study implicationsare discussed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)570-577
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Nervous and Mental Disease
Volume204
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2016

Keywords

  • Caregiver warmth
  • Family cohesion
  • Patient perspective
  • Symptom severity

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychiatry and Mental health

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Risk and protective factors, perceptions of family environment, ethnicity, and schizophrenia symptoms'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

  • Cite this