Rift Valley Fever in Egypt and other African countries: Historical review, recent outbreaks and possibility of disease occurrence in Egypt

Mohamed A. Kenawy, Yousrya M. Abdel-Hamid, John C Beier

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

12 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This article reviews and discusses the historical and recent status of Rift Valley Fever (RVF) in Egypt and the other African countries based on the available and scattered reports. The recent outbreaks in African countries were reviewed and mapped out. Four major epidemics have been recorded in Egypt (1977, 1978, 1993 and 2003). The outbreak resulted in unpredicted human disease with severe clinical manifestations and heavy mortality as well as many abortions and deaths in sheep, goats, cattle, water buffalo and camels. Of the 18 culicine mosquito species that occur in Egypt, Culex pipiens and Cx. antennatus were implicated as vectors of RVF in Egypt based on their natural infection with RVF virus. Aedes caspius was also suspected of disseminating the virus among livestock based on host feeding and vector competence studies. The epidemiological factors related to the introduction and spread of RVF in Egypt are discussed. The study concluded that due to the availability and abundance of the potential vectors, suitability of environmental conditions, continuous importation of livestock's from Sudan, and the close association of susceptible domestic animals with humans, the RVF virus could possibly occur and circulate in Egypt.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)40-49
Number of pages10
JournalActa Tropica
Volume181
DOIs
StatePublished - May 1 2018

Fingerprint

historical geographic locations
Rift Valley Fever
Rift Valley fever
disease occurrence
Egypt
Disease Outbreaks
Rift Valley fever virus
vector competence
Livestock
Aedes caspius
livestock
Camelus
Culex
abortion (animals)
Sudan
Culex pipiens
Aedes
Buffaloes
Domestic Animals
camels

Keywords

  • Africa
  • Egypt
  • Rift Valley Fever
  • RVF mosquito vectors
  • RVF outbreaks
  • Saudi Arabia and Yemen

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Parasitology
  • Infectious Diseases

Cite this

Rift Valley Fever in Egypt and other African countries : Historical review, recent outbreaks and possibility of disease occurrence in Egypt. / Kenawy, Mohamed A.; Abdel-Hamid, Yousrya M.; Beier, John C.

In: Acta Tropica, Vol. 181, 01.05.2018, p. 40-49.

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

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