Rhesus monkey rhadinovirus ORF57 Induces gH and gL glycoprotein expression through posttranscriptional accumulation of target mRNAs

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Abstract

Open reading frame 57 (ORF57) of gamma-2 herpesviruses is a key regulator of viral gene expression. It has been reported to enhance the expression of viral genes by transcriptional, posttranscriptional, or translational activation mechanisms. Previously we have shown that the expression of gH and gL of rhesus monkey rhadinovirus (RRV), a close relative of the human Kaposi's sarcoma-associated herpesvirus (KSHV), could be dramatically rescued by codon optimization as well as by ORF57 coexpression (J. P. Bilello, J. S. Morgan, and R. C. Desrosiers, J. Virol. 82:7231-7237, 2008). We show here that ORF57 coexpression and codon optimization had similar effects, except that the rescue of expression by codon optimization was temporally delayed relative to that of ORF57 coexpression. The transfection of gL mRNA directly into cells with or without ORF57 coexpression and with or without codon optimization recapitulated the effects of these modes of induction on transfected DNA. These findings suggested an important role for the enhancement of mRNA stability and/or the translation of mRNA for these very different modes of induced expression. This conclusion was confirmed by several different measures of gH and gL mRNA stability and accumulation with or without ORF57 coexpression and with or without codon optimization. Our results indicate that RRV gH and gL expression is severely limited by the stability of the mRNA and that ORF57 coexpression and codon optimization independently induce gH and gL expression principally by allowing accumulation and translation of these mRNAs.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)7810-7817
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Virology
Volume85
Issue number15
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 2011
Externally publishedYes

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Rhadinovirus
Macaca mulatta
Open Reading Frames
open reading frames
glycoproteins
Glycoproteins
codons
Codon
Messenger RNA
RNA Stability
Viral Genes
Protein Biosynthesis
translation (genetics)
Human herpesvirus 8
Human Herpesvirus 8
Herpesviridae
transfection
Regulator Genes
Transfection
Gene Expression

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology
  • Virology

Cite this

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title = "Rhesus monkey rhadinovirus ORF57 Induces gH and gL glycoprotein expression through posttranscriptional accumulation of target mRNAs",
abstract = "Open reading frame 57 (ORF57) of gamma-2 herpesviruses is a key regulator of viral gene expression. It has been reported to enhance the expression of viral genes by transcriptional, posttranscriptional, or translational activation mechanisms. Previously we have shown that the expression of gH and gL of rhesus monkey rhadinovirus (RRV), a close relative of the human Kaposi's sarcoma-associated herpesvirus (KSHV), could be dramatically rescued by codon optimization as well as by ORF57 coexpression (J. P. Bilello, J. S. Morgan, and R. C. Desrosiers, J. Virol. 82:7231-7237, 2008). We show here that ORF57 coexpression and codon optimization had similar effects, except that the rescue of expression by codon optimization was temporally delayed relative to that of ORF57 coexpression. The transfection of gL mRNA directly into cells with or without ORF57 coexpression and with or without codon optimization recapitulated the effects of these modes of induction on transfected DNA. These findings suggested an important role for the enhancement of mRNA stability and/or the translation of mRNA for these very different modes of induced expression. This conclusion was confirmed by several different measures of gH and gL mRNA stability and accumulation with or without ORF57 coexpression and with or without codon optimization. Our results indicate that RRV gH and gL expression is severely limited by the stability of the mRNA and that ORF57 coexpression and codon optimization independently induce gH and gL expression principally by allowing accumulation and translation of these mRNAs.",
author = "Shin, {Young C.} and Desrosiers, {Ronald Charles}",
year = "2011",
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T1 - Rhesus monkey rhadinovirus ORF57 Induces gH and gL glycoprotein expression through posttranscriptional accumulation of target mRNAs

AU - Shin, Young C.

AU - Desrosiers, Ronald Charles

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N2 - Open reading frame 57 (ORF57) of gamma-2 herpesviruses is a key regulator of viral gene expression. It has been reported to enhance the expression of viral genes by transcriptional, posttranscriptional, or translational activation mechanisms. Previously we have shown that the expression of gH and gL of rhesus monkey rhadinovirus (RRV), a close relative of the human Kaposi's sarcoma-associated herpesvirus (KSHV), could be dramatically rescued by codon optimization as well as by ORF57 coexpression (J. P. Bilello, J. S. Morgan, and R. C. Desrosiers, J. Virol. 82:7231-7237, 2008). We show here that ORF57 coexpression and codon optimization had similar effects, except that the rescue of expression by codon optimization was temporally delayed relative to that of ORF57 coexpression. The transfection of gL mRNA directly into cells with or without ORF57 coexpression and with or without codon optimization recapitulated the effects of these modes of induction on transfected DNA. These findings suggested an important role for the enhancement of mRNA stability and/or the translation of mRNA for these very different modes of induced expression. This conclusion was confirmed by several different measures of gH and gL mRNA stability and accumulation with or without ORF57 coexpression and with or without codon optimization. Our results indicate that RRV gH and gL expression is severely limited by the stability of the mRNA and that ORF57 coexpression and codon optimization independently induce gH and gL expression principally by allowing accumulation and translation of these mRNAs.

AB - Open reading frame 57 (ORF57) of gamma-2 herpesviruses is a key regulator of viral gene expression. It has been reported to enhance the expression of viral genes by transcriptional, posttranscriptional, or translational activation mechanisms. Previously we have shown that the expression of gH and gL of rhesus monkey rhadinovirus (RRV), a close relative of the human Kaposi's sarcoma-associated herpesvirus (KSHV), could be dramatically rescued by codon optimization as well as by ORF57 coexpression (J. P. Bilello, J. S. Morgan, and R. C. Desrosiers, J. Virol. 82:7231-7237, 2008). We show here that ORF57 coexpression and codon optimization had similar effects, except that the rescue of expression by codon optimization was temporally delayed relative to that of ORF57 coexpression. The transfection of gL mRNA directly into cells with or without ORF57 coexpression and with or without codon optimization recapitulated the effects of these modes of induction on transfected DNA. These findings suggested an important role for the enhancement of mRNA stability and/or the translation of mRNA for these very different modes of induced expression. This conclusion was confirmed by several different measures of gH and gL mRNA stability and accumulation with or without ORF57 coexpression and with or without codon optimization. Our results indicate that RRV gH and gL expression is severely limited by the stability of the mRNA and that ORF57 coexpression and codon optimization independently induce gH and gL expression principally by allowing accumulation and translation of these mRNAs.

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