Revolving roles in drug-related crime: The cost of chronic drug users as victims and perpetrators

Michael French, Kathryn McCollister, Pierre Kébreau Alexandre, Dale D. Chitwood, Clyde B McCoy

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

19 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Numerous studies have established a strong connection between the use of illicit drugs and the commission of other illegal activities, including both predatory and property crimes. No study, however, has examined the cost of crimes associated with drug users both as victims and as perpetrators. In the present study, recent data were analyzed from a targeted sample of chronic drug users (CDUs) and a matched sample of non-drug users (NDUs) in Miami-Dade County, Florida, to estimate the incremental cost of crime associated with CDU. Two separate models were employed to estimate (1) the probability of being a victim or a perpetrator of crime and (2) the cost of crime for both situations. The cost measures were transformed to reduce the influence of extreme outliers, and a smearing technique was used to compare the cost of crime for CDUs relative to NDUs. The findings illustrate that criminal activity among CDUs is circular, extensive, and costly. Implications for law enforcement, criminal justice policy, and substance abuse treatment are discussed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)217-241
Number of pages25
JournalJournal of Quantitative Criminology
Volume20
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 1 2004

Fingerprint

drug-related crime
Crime
Drug Users
drug
Costs and Cost Analysis
offense
costs
Pharmaceutical Preparations
Law Enforcement
Criminal Law
criminal justice policy
Street Drugs
Substance-Related Disorders
law enforcement
substance abuse

Keywords

  • chronic drug users
  • cost of crime

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pathology and Forensic Medicine

Cite this

Revolving roles in drug-related crime : The cost of chronic drug users as victims and perpetrators. / French, Michael; McCollister, Kathryn; Kébreau Alexandre, Pierre; Chitwood, Dale D.; McCoy, Clyde B.

In: Journal of Quantitative Criminology, Vol. 20, No. 3, 01.09.2004, p. 217-241.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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