Revisiting the “M Stadium” project by luigi moretti: A forgotten model of parametric architecture

Piermaria Caponi, Fabio Cutroni, Landolf Rhode-Barbarigos

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

Nowadays the term parametric modeling refers to a computer-aided design process where digital representation and interactive computation allow designers to have complete freedom on their designs' form and sometimes behavior. However, the term historically did not reflect such a freedom. In his article entitled “Structure comme Forme” published in 1953 on the “United States Lines Paris Review” [1] Italian architect Luigi Moretti (1907-1973) defined it as: […]“The enumeration of the parameters, scientific research, the quantitative mathematical analysis of these parameters, these form a task to be tackled a priori by the new architecture in every case. There will thus be born that architecture I have long demanded, and to which I gave the name parametric. Its ineluctable geometrical character, the rigorous interconnection of its forms, the absolute freedom of phantasy itself which can spring up where equations cannot fix their own roots all this will give it a crystal splendor.”[…] According to Moretti, parametric architecture is thus expressed through mathematics and the exploration of parametric equations [2]. Therefore, this study revisits Moretti's work on the IRMOU's “M Soccer Stadium” project, designed for the XII Triennale Exposition of Milan in 1960, in order to examine his mathematical form-finding approach to architecture. The mathematically generated shape of the “M Stadium” based on “iso-visibility curves” is recreated and explored through three-dimensional CAD modeling. The mathematical relationship that drives the design of the stadium analyzed and the influence of its parameters is further investigated using current graphical techniques.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationIASS Symposium 2019 - 60th Anniversary Symposium of the International Association for Shell and Spatial Structures; Structural Membranes 2019 - 9th International Conference on Textile Composites and Inflatable Structures, FORM and FORCE
EditorsCarlos Lazaro, Kai-Uwe Bletzinger, Eugenio Onate
PublisherInternational Center for Numerical Methods in Engineering
Pages2247-2256
Number of pages10
ISBN (Electronic)9788412110104
StatePublished - 2019
Externally publishedYes
EventIASS Symposium 2019 - 60th Anniversary Symposium of the International Association for Shell and Spatial Structures; Structural Membranes 2019 - 9th International Conference on Textile Composites and Inflatable Structures, FORM and FORCE - Barcelona, Spain
Duration: Oct 7 2019Oct 10 2019

Publication series

NameIASS Symposium 2019 - 60th Anniversary Symposium of the International Association for Shell and Spatial Structures; Structural Membranes 2019 - 9th International Conference on Textile Composites and Inflatable Structures, FORM and FORCE

Conference

ConferenceIASS Symposium 2019 - 60th Anniversary Symposium of the International Association for Shell and Spatial Structures; Structural Membranes 2019 - 9th International Conference on Textile Composites and Inflatable Structures, FORM and FORCE
Country/TerritorySpain
CityBarcelona
Period10/7/1910/10/19

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Arts and Humanities (miscellaneous)
  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Building and Construction

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