Review of Current Workforce for Rheumatology in the Countries of the Americas 2012-2015

John D. Reveille, Roberto Muñoz, Enrique Soriano, Miguel Albanese, Graciela Espada, Carlos Lozada, Ruben Antonio Montúfar, Fernando Neubarth, Gloria M. Vasquez, Michel Zummer, Rosa Sheen, Carlo V. Caballero-Uribe, Carlos Pineda

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

18 Scopus citations


Background With the increases in and aging of the populations of the Americas, monitoring the number of rheumatologists is critical to address and focus on areas of greatest need. Objectives The aim of this study was to gather data on the rheumatology workforce from 21 national societies in the Pan American League of Associations for Rheumatology (PANLAR). Methods In September and October 2012 and again in October and November 2015, the heads of the 21 rheumatology national societies were contacted in the 2012 survey; all national societies responded except Cuba. In the 2015 survey, all responded except Nicaragua, for which information was provided by national society presidents in adjacent countries. Results The data from 21 societies contained in PANLAR consist of 10,166 adult and 678 pediatric rheumatologists serving 961 million people. The number of rheumatologists per 100,000 population varies greatly from 3.9 per 100,000 people (Uruguay) to 0.11 per 100,000 people (Nicaragua). The number of training programs also varies widely, with some countries having no indigenous programs. The distribution of rheumatologists is mainly in the large cities, particularly in the smaller countries. Pediatric rheumatologists have dramatically increased in number in 2012, but 96% reside in 6 countries. This remains an underserved area in most countries. Conclusions The rheumatology workforce in the Americas has improved between 2012 and 2015, especially in the number of pediatric rheumatologists. However, numerically and in the perception of the 21 member societies of PANLAR, the number is still inadequate to meet the increasing demands for rheumatologic care, especially in the care of children with rheumatic disease and in rural areas.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)405-410
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Clinical Rheumatology
Issue number8
StatePublished - Dec 1 2016
Externally publishedYes


  • health services
  • Latin America
  • pediatric rheumatologists
  • trainees
  • workforce

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Rheumatology


Dive into the research topics of 'Review of Current Workforce for Rheumatology in the Countries of the Americas 2012-2015'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this