Review article: Perspectives on myocardial protection: Warm heart surgery

Anthony l. Panos, Roxae Deslauriers, Peter l. Birnbaum, Tomas a. Salerno

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

4 Scopus citations


Continuous normothermic blood cardioplegia (CNBC), was recently introduced into clinical cardiac surgery and has generated great interest. CNBC represents the evolution of concepts which were initially described in the 1950s but which were forgotten as hypothermia became the main ingredient in all cardioplegic techniques and in heart surgery in general. The historical background to the development of CNBC is presented, as well as a review of the current state of knowledge about normothermic heart surgery. The limitations and pitfalls of the method are highlighted, along with future developments and perspectives.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)287-291
Number of pages5
Issue number4
StatePublished - Jul 1993

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
  • Safety Research
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
  • Advanced and Specialized Nursing


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