Retroviral Vector-mediated γ-Interferon Gene Transfer into Tumor Cells Generates Potent and Long Lasting Antitumor Immunity

Bernd Gansbacher, Rajat Bannerji, Brian Daniels, Kathy Cronin, Eli Gilboa, Karen Zier

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

431 Scopus citations

Abstract

Retroviral vectors were used to introduce the γ-interferon (IFN-γ) gene into CMS-5 cells, a weakly immunogenic tumor of BALB/c origin. After selection in G418-containing medium, colonies were isolated, cloned, and expanded to cell lines. IFN-γ secretion was assessed using a bioassay and enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay, and high (25 units/ ml) and low (5 units/ml) IFN-γ producers were isolated. Tumor growth was followed after intradermal injection, and spleen cells were isolated at different time points. IFN-γ secretion by tumor cells abrogated their tumorigenicity and induced a persistent and specific antitumor immunity. In contrast to the normally observed cellular immunosuppression in unmodified CMS-5 tumor-bearing mice, IFN-γ-producing tumors induced a long lasting state of T-cell immunity, as judged by rejection of a CMS-5 tumor challenge and persistence of specific cytotoxic activity in the spleen cell population. High levels of tumor-specific cytotoxic activity could also be detected if IFN-γ-secreting tumor cells, but not unmodified CMS-5 cells, were used as targets at a time point when immunosuppression was usually seen. These studies highlight the potential advantages of localized IFN-γ secretion to induce potent antitumor immune responses.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)7820-7825
Number of pages6
JournalCancer Research
Volume50
Issue number24
StatePublished - Dec 15 1990
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research

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