Retrieval of deterministic normal modes from cross-correlations of acoustic noise in shallow water

Andrey S. Shurup, Sergei N. Sergeev, Valeriy Goncharov, Alexander I. Vedenev, Oleg A. Godin, Nikolay A. Zabotin, Michael G Brown

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Using the data obtained in the 2012 noise-interferometry experiment in the Straits of Florida, this paper investigates the feasibility of retrieving dispersion curves of acoustic normal modes from two-point noise cross-correlation functions. Simultaneous, continuous records of ambient and shipping noise by two nearbottom hydrophones separated by 5 km in 100 meter-deep water have been cross-correlated to obtain an approximation to the deterministic acoustic Green's function. Dispersion curves of the four lowest-order normal modes have been retrieved from spectrograms of the noise cross-correlation function. The technique developed in the paper allows one to measure dispersion of individual normal modes to a good accuracy without employing any controlled sound sources or hydrophone arrays. Normal mode dispersion curves provide ample information for solving inverse problems. Our results suggest the possibility of monitoring complex dynamics of the coastal ocean with acoustic daylight by using simple and inexpensive passive acoustic systems.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number070007
JournalProceedings of Meetings on Acoustics
Volume24
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 23 2015

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Acoustics and Ultrasonics

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