Retinal and choroidal manifestations of systemic hypertension

Stephen G. Schwartz, Susan Schneider, William F. Mieler

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter


Systemic (essential) hypertension is common and has well-described effects on the retinal and choroidal vasculature. Because systemic hypertension is frequently asymptomatic, the presenting signs and symptoms may be visual. Hypertensive retinopathy has been linked to increased vascular morbidity and mortality. Therefore, early detection of ophthalmologic changes may lead to intensified blood pressure management, thus preserving vision and improving general health. In addition, hypertension is associated with several important retinal diseases, including retinal vascular occlusion, diabetic retinopathy, and anterior ischemic optic neuropathy.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationRetinal and Choroidal Manifestations of Selected Systemic Diseases
PublisherSpringer New York
Number of pages7
ISBN (Electronic)9781461436461
ISBN (Print)9781461436454
StatePublished - Jan 1 2013


  • Hypertensive choroidopathy
  • Hypertensive optic neuropathy
  • Hypertensive retinopathy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)


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