Systemic (essential) hypertension is common and has well-described effects on the retinal and choroidal vasculature. Because systemic hypertension is frequently asymptomatic, the presenting signs and symptoms may be visual. Hypertensive retinopathy has been linked to increased vascular morbidity and mortality. Therefore, early detection of ophthalmologic changes may lead to intensified blood pressure management, thus preserving vision and improving general health. In addition, hypertension is associated with several important retinal diseases, including retinal vascular occlusion, diabetic retinopathy, and anterior ischemic optic neuropathy.
- Hypertensive choroidopathy
- Hypertensive optic neuropathy
- Hypertensive retinopathy
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