Reticulate reef patterns - antecedent karst versus self-organization

Wolfgang Schlager, Sam Purkis

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

21 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Reticulate ridges of reefs and sediment in Holocene lagoons are usually interpreted as an inheritance of antecedent karst topography. Satellite imagery served as a template for integrating plan-view geometry with published data from coring, drilling and seismic surveys to test the antecedent-karst hypothesis. The link between karst morphology and overlying reef patterns can be demonstrated convincingly for a rather limited number of examples, particularly those on a substrate of tower karst with high relief. On very young limestones, doline karst with reticulate patterns develops very slowly because of the high porosity. Moreover, karst control can be ruled out for the significant number of reticulate reefs that are founded on terrigenous sediment or on demonstrably flat pre-Holocene rock surfaces. One likely cause of reticulate patterns is biotic self-organization that has been shown to generate reticulate and labyrinthic patterns of mussel beds on tidal flats and tree cover of arid ecosystems. Another pathway to reticulate reefs may be the colonization of reticulate hydrodynamic bedforms by reef builders. Thus, reticulate patterns of Holocene reef-sediment ridges are highly ambiguous indicators of antecedent karst.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)501-515
Number of pages15
JournalSedimentology
Volume62
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2015
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

self organization
karst
reef
Holocene
sediment
doline
bedform
seismic survey
tidal flat
satellite imagery
lagoon
relief
colonization
hydrodynamics
porosity
drilling
limestone
topography
geometry
substrate

Keywords

  • Biotic self-organization
  • Bucket structure
  • Cuspate sand bodies
  • Karst
  • Reef

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geology
  • Stratigraphy

Cite this

Reticulate reef patterns - antecedent karst versus self-organization. / Schlager, Wolfgang; Purkis, Sam.

In: Sedimentology, Vol. 62, No. 2, 01.01.2015, p. 501-515.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Schlager, Wolfgang ; Purkis, Sam. / Reticulate reef patterns - antecedent karst versus self-organization. In: Sedimentology. 2015 ; Vol. 62, No. 2. pp. 501-515.
@article{03233173caaf4609bd4232152a9a0565,
title = "Reticulate reef patterns - antecedent karst versus self-organization",
abstract = "Reticulate ridges of reefs and sediment in Holocene lagoons are usually interpreted as an inheritance of antecedent karst topography. Satellite imagery served as a template for integrating plan-view geometry with published data from coring, drilling and seismic surveys to test the antecedent-karst hypothesis. The link between karst morphology and overlying reef patterns can be demonstrated convincingly for a rather limited number of examples, particularly those on a substrate of tower karst with high relief. On very young limestones, doline karst with reticulate patterns develops very slowly because of the high porosity. Moreover, karst control can be ruled out for the significant number of reticulate reefs that are founded on terrigenous sediment or on demonstrably flat pre-Holocene rock surfaces. One likely cause of reticulate patterns is biotic self-organization that has been shown to generate reticulate and labyrinthic patterns of mussel beds on tidal flats and tree cover of arid ecosystems. Another pathway to reticulate reefs may be the colonization of reticulate hydrodynamic bedforms by reef builders. Thus, reticulate patterns of Holocene reef-sediment ridges are highly ambiguous indicators of antecedent karst.",
keywords = "Biotic self-organization, Bucket structure, Cuspate sand bodies, Karst, Reef",
author = "Wolfgang Schlager and Sam Purkis",
year = "2015",
month = "1",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1111/sed.12172",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "62",
pages = "501--515",
journal = "Sedimentology",
issn = "0037-0746",
publisher = "Wiley-Blackwell",
number = "2",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Reticulate reef patterns - antecedent karst versus self-organization

AU - Schlager, Wolfgang

AU - Purkis, Sam

PY - 2015/1/1

Y1 - 2015/1/1

N2 - Reticulate ridges of reefs and sediment in Holocene lagoons are usually interpreted as an inheritance of antecedent karst topography. Satellite imagery served as a template for integrating plan-view geometry with published data from coring, drilling and seismic surveys to test the antecedent-karst hypothesis. The link between karst morphology and overlying reef patterns can be demonstrated convincingly for a rather limited number of examples, particularly those on a substrate of tower karst with high relief. On very young limestones, doline karst with reticulate patterns develops very slowly because of the high porosity. Moreover, karst control can be ruled out for the significant number of reticulate reefs that are founded on terrigenous sediment or on demonstrably flat pre-Holocene rock surfaces. One likely cause of reticulate patterns is biotic self-organization that has been shown to generate reticulate and labyrinthic patterns of mussel beds on tidal flats and tree cover of arid ecosystems. Another pathway to reticulate reefs may be the colonization of reticulate hydrodynamic bedforms by reef builders. Thus, reticulate patterns of Holocene reef-sediment ridges are highly ambiguous indicators of antecedent karst.

AB - Reticulate ridges of reefs and sediment in Holocene lagoons are usually interpreted as an inheritance of antecedent karst topography. Satellite imagery served as a template for integrating plan-view geometry with published data from coring, drilling and seismic surveys to test the antecedent-karst hypothesis. The link between karst morphology and overlying reef patterns can be demonstrated convincingly for a rather limited number of examples, particularly those on a substrate of tower karst with high relief. On very young limestones, doline karst with reticulate patterns develops very slowly because of the high porosity. Moreover, karst control can be ruled out for the significant number of reticulate reefs that are founded on terrigenous sediment or on demonstrably flat pre-Holocene rock surfaces. One likely cause of reticulate patterns is biotic self-organization that has been shown to generate reticulate and labyrinthic patterns of mussel beds on tidal flats and tree cover of arid ecosystems. Another pathway to reticulate reefs may be the colonization of reticulate hydrodynamic bedforms by reef builders. Thus, reticulate patterns of Holocene reef-sediment ridges are highly ambiguous indicators of antecedent karst.

KW - Biotic self-organization

KW - Bucket structure

KW - Cuspate sand bodies

KW - Karst

KW - Reef

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84921750140&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84921750140&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1111/sed.12172

DO - 10.1111/sed.12172

M3 - Article

VL - 62

SP - 501

EP - 515

JO - Sedimentology

JF - Sedimentology

SN - 0037-0746

IS - 2

ER -