Results of the Prospective Evaluation of Radial Keratotomy (PERK) Study five years after surgery

G. O. Waring, M. J. Lynn, A. Nizam, M. H. Kutner, J. W. Cowden, William W Culbertson, P. R. Laibson, M. B. McDonald, J. D. Nelson, S. A. Obstbaum, J. J. Rowsey, J. J. Salz, L. B. Bourque

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106 Scopus citations


In the Prospective Evaluation of Radial Keratotomy (PERK) Study, 793 eyes of 435 patients with 2 to 8 diopters (D) of myopia received a standardized surgery consisting of 8 incisions with a diamond-bladed knife set at 100% of the thinnest paracentral ultrasonic corneal thickness measurement and a diameter of the clear zone of 3.0 to 4.5 mm; 97 eyes (12%) received an additional 8 incisions. There were 757 eyes (95%) followed for 3 to 6.3 years. After surgery, uncorrected visual acuity was 20/40 or better in 88% of eyes. The refractive error was within 1 D of emmetropia for 64% of eyes; 19% were myopic and 17% were hyperopic by more than 1 D. Between 6 months and 5 years after surgery, 22% of the eyes had a refractive change of 1 D or more in the hyperopic direction. For 25 eyes (3%) there was a loss of 2 or more lines of best spectacle-corrected visual acuity.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1164-1176
Number of pages13
Issue number8
StatePublished - Jan 1 1991


ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ophthalmology

Cite this

Waring, G. O., Lynn, M. J., Nizam, A., Kutner, M. H., Cowden, J. W., Culbertson, W. W., Laibson, P. R., McDonald, M. B., Nelson, J. D., Obstbaum, S. A., Rowsey, J. J., Salz, J. J., & Bourque, L. B. (1991). Results of the Prospective Evaluation of Radial Keratotomy (PERK) Study five years after surgery. Ophthalmology, 98(8), 1164-1176.