Restoration of myofiber continuity after transection injury in the rat soleus

Ville Äärimaa, Minna Kääriäinen, Samuli Vaittinen, Johanna Tanner, Tero Järvinen, Thomas Best, Hannu Kalimo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

36 Scopus citations

Abstract

In a shearing type of muscle injury, scar formation prevents restoration of myofiber continuity and the transected myofibers may become permanently divided into two separate myofibers. We have analysed whether the injured myofiber stumps can fuse and continuity of the transected fibers be re-established, if the stumps are surgically closely apposed immediately after injury. 55 rat soleus muscles were transected, after which the epimysium was carefully sutured and the leg was immobilised for seven days. The animals were sacrificed at 2, 5, 7, 10, 14 and 25 days after surgery. All muscles were analysed by light and electron microscopy as well as by immunohistochemistry. Mechanical strength was also measured at day 10 and 25. We observed that suturing reduced the extent of the intervening scar and accelerated healing. More importantly our results indicate that fusion of the stumps and thus restoration of myofiber continuity, is possible after myofiber transection injury.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)421-428
Number of pages8
JournalNeuromuscular Disorders
Volume14
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 1 2004
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Muscle injury
  • Regeneration
  • Reinnervation
  • Skeletal muscle
  • Suturing

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Neurology
  • Clinical Neurology
  • Genetics(clinical)

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  • Cite this

    Äärimaa, V., Kääriäinen, M., Vaittinen, S., Tanner, J., Järvinen, T., Best, T., & Kalimo, H. (2004). Restoration of myofiber continuity after transection injury in the rat soleus. Neuromuscular Disorders, 14(7), 421-428. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.nmd.2004.03.009