Resting-state functional under-connectivity within and between large-scale cortical networks across three low-frequency bands in adolescents with autism

Xujun Duan, Heng Chen, Changchun He, Zhiliang Long, Xiaonan Guo, Yuanyue Zhou, Lucina Q Uddin, Huafu Chen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

13 Scopus citations

Abstract

Although evidence is accumulating that autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is associated with disruption of functional connections between and within brain networks, it remains largely unknown whether these abnormalities are related to specific frequency bands. To address this question, network contingency analysis was performed on brain functional connectomes obtained from 213 adolescent participants across nine sites in the Autism Brain Imaging Data Exchange (ABIDE) multisite sample, to determine the disrupted connections between and within seven major cortical networks in adolescents with ASD at Slow-5, Slow-4 and Slow-3 frequency bands and further assess whether the aberrant intra- and inter-network connectivity varied as a function of ASD symptoms. Overall under-connectivity within and between large-scale intrinsic networks in ASD was revealed across the three frequency bands. Specifically, decreased connectivity strength within the default mode network (DMN), between DMN and visual network (VN), ventral attention network (VAN), and between dorsal attention network (DAN) and VAN was observed in the lower frequency band (slow-5, slow-4), while decreased connectivity between limbic network (LN) and frontal-parietal network (FPN) was observed in the higher frequency band (slow-3). Furthermore, weaker connectivity within and between specific networks correlated with poorer communication and social interaction skills in the slow-5 band, uniquely. These results demonstrate intrinsic under-connectivity within and between multiple brain networks within predefined frequency bands in ASD, suggesting that frequency-related properties underlie abnormal brain network organization in the disorder.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)434-441
Number of pages8
JournalProgress in Neuro-Psychopharmacology and Biological Psychiatry
Volume79
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 3 2017

Keywords

  • Autism spectrum disorder
  • Frequency
  • Intrinsic connectivity networks
  • Resting-state functional magnetic resonance imaging

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pharmacology
  • Biological Psychiatry

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