The rate of clinical understaging in non-muscle invasive bladder cancer (NMIBC) after an initial transurethral resection (TUR) is significant, particularly for high-grade disease, and this has a major impact on prognosis. A repeat TUR, 2 to 6 weeks following the initial resection, is recommended in appropriately selected cases to avoid diagnostic inaccuracy and improve treatment allocation. This article summarizes the rationale and indications for performing a repeat TUR in NMIBC and also provides information regarding patient selection and technique.
- Non-muscle invasive bladder cancer
- Repeat resection
- Second-look cystoscopy
- Transurethral resection
ASJC Scopus subject areas