Resource utilization patterns of pediatric esophageal foreign bodies

Laura F. Teisch, Jun Tashiro, Eduardo A. Perez, Fernando Mendoza, Juan E. Sola

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations


Background Ingested foreign bodies are a frequent presentation in pediatric emergency departments. Although some pass spontaneously through the gastrointestinal tract, the majority of esophageal-ingested foreign bodies (EFB) require removal. Materials and Methods Kids' Inpatient Database (1997-2009) was used to identify children (aged <20 y) with EFB (International Classification of Diseases, Ninth Revision, Clinical Modification code 935.1). Multivariate logistic regression analyses were constructed to identify predictors of resource utilization. Results Overall, 14,767 EFB cases were identified. Most patients were <5 y of age (72%), boys (57%), and non-Caucasian (55%), with a median (interquartile range) length of stay (LOS) of 1 (1) d, and total charges of $11,003 (8503). A total of 11,180 procedures were performed, most commonly esophagoscopy (77%), followed by bronchoscopy (20%), gastroscopy (2%), and rarely surgery (0.8%). By multivariate logistic regression, increased total charges were associated with a diagnosis of esophageal ulceration (odds ratio [OR] = 1.57), esophagoscopy (OR = 1.42), and bronchoscopy (OR = 1.62), all P < 0.001. Total charges also increased with admission to urban nonteaching hospitals (OR = 1.51) versus urban teaching hospitals, P < 0.001. Prolonged LOS (≥1 d) was associated with admission to a hospital in the Midwest (OR = 3.18) and with esophageal ulceration (OR = 2.11) and esophagoscopy (OR = 1.13), P < 0.03. Boys had higher odds of longer hospitalization (OR = 1.21), P < 0.001. Overall hospital mortality was 0.1% (n = 16). Conclusions Most EFB occur in children <5 y of age. Esophageal ulceration, esophagoscopy, and bronchoscopy are associated with increased total charges. Esophageal ulceration, esophagoscopy, and boys are associated with an increased LOS. Surgery and hospital mortality are both extremely rare in children with EFB.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)299-304
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Surgical Research
Issue number2
StatePublished - Oct 1 2015


  • Foreign bodies
  • Health resources

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery


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