Several studies have reported an association between the ApolipoproteinE-ε4 (APOE4) allele and depression among elders. However others have failed to find an association. Since APOE4 is a well recognized risk factor for Alzheimer dementia, cognitive status may represent an important confounder between APOE4 and depression. In this investigation, we examined the relationship between the ApolipoproteinE-ε4 allele and depression among elders accounting for cognitive status. Using a case-control design (n = 1052), we investigated the association between ApolipoproteinE-ε4 and depression in Alzheimer disease patients (n = 528) and in cognitively intact controls (n = 524). We demonstrated an apparent association between the APOE4 allele and depression in the combined dataset (p = 0.001) when not controlling for cognitive status. However, once stratified by the presence of Alzheimer disease, there was no association in either the Alzheimer group (p = 0.290) or the cognitively intact controls (p = 0.494). In this dataset there is no association between the ApolipoproteinE-ε4 allele and depression among those with Alzheimer disease or among cognitively intact elders. However there is a significant association between female gender and depression in the cognitively intact (p = 0.003) but not among those with Alzheimer disease. Additionally, individuals with Alzheimer disease and depression had a significantly younger age of onset for their Alzheimer disease than those without depression (p = 0.017).
- Alzheimer disease
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