Resistance exercise guidelines exist for obesity but not for post-metabolic and bariatric surgery (MBS) patients. Therefore, the main goal of the present study is to provide evidence to support resistance exercise guidelines for this population. A secondary goal is to evaluate the available evidence to identify gaps for future research. Nine studies evaluating the effect of resistance exercise post-MBS on strength and body composition were included. Resistance training consistently prevented strength loss and when performed by younger population (~ 35 years) also prevented lean mass loss. Combined exercise, but not strength training independently, was found to promote body fat mass loss. Resistance training should be added to post-MBS exercise programs. Sufficiently powered studies using higher volume resistance training with supportive protein consumption and diverse populations are needed.
- Bariatric surgery
- Resistance training
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
- Nutrition and Dietetics