Resistance to thyroid hormone (RTH) is a condition of impaired tissue responsiveness to thyroid hormone characterized by elevated free thyroid hormone levels in serum accompanied by nonsuppressed TSH. RTH has been associated with mutations in the thyroid hormone receptor (TR) β gene. We report studies carried out in 9 members of a family (F94) of Jewish ethnic origin and a single subject of Mexican origin. All subjects fulfilling the criteria of RTH (6 of family F94 and one of family F27) had the same point mutation in the T3-binding domain on one of the two alleles of the TRβ gene. This mutation resulted in the replacement of the normal proline-453 with serine (P453S). Nevertheless, the clinical characteristics of affected members of each of the two families differed as did the severity of hormonal resistance in terms of responses to the administration of L-T3. Genetic studies indicate that the same mutation occurred independently in each of the two families.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism